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"The influence of increased NaCl KCl ratios on Metal Yield

 · 3 The metal fraction of the resulting salt slag decreased to 2 wt CaF2 and then remains almost constant 5 . Figure 2 Effect of CaF2 concentration on metal yield (left) and on metal losses (right) 5 . A variation of NaCl KCl ratio showed no influence on the metal yield as the Cl-concentration remains constant and only the ratio of Na and K is changed.

Influence of ground granulated blast furnace slag on the

 · Alkali-activated materials are low-environmental-impact binders that can be obtained from the alkaline activation of industrial wastes. In this study converter steel slag as the major raw material and ground granulated blast furnace slag (GBFS) as the modified material were activated by water glass with a modulus of 1.5 and a Na2O dosage of 4 . The hydration process microstructure and

(PDF) Influence of seawater and blast furnace cement

Hooton K. Stanish J. Prusinski The effect of Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag (Slag 667 Cement) on the drying shrinkage of concreteA critical review of the literature in Eighth 668 CANMET/ACI Int. Conf. Fly Ash Silica Fume Slag Nat. Pozzolans Concr. American Concrete 669 Institute 2004. 670 86 Amusan Grace Modupeola Festus

Effect of blast-furnace slag on physicochemical properties

 · Blast-furnace slags The two types of blast-furnace slag (L1 and L2) used in this study come originally from two different French enterprises. The slags fineness analysis indicated a slight difference among the Blaine surfaces of the two slags 4450 cm 2 /g for L1 and 4459 cm 2 /g for L2. The chemical analyses by XRF showed that the two slags have comparable compositions except for magnesium

Contribution of the Blast Furnace Slag on the Behavior of

 · enhance the blast furnace slag (industrial residue) used as a replacement for a part of cement in the concrete. These concretes designed manufactured and used correctly can offer higher performance to conventional concrete with Portland cement both in mechanical properties and durability.

Strength development of blended blast‐furnace slag‐cement

 · Blast‐furnace slags cooled at different rates were used to study the effect of fineness mixing method and content of slag on the strength development of blended‐slag mortar. Activator and curing temperature were used to activate the early strength.

Strength and Durability Characteristics of 70 Ground

 · mix (Type I PC) and two 70 by weight ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBFS) mixes (Type II Low Heat PC). One of the slag mixes contained a high range water reducer (HRWR). Tests for compressive strength freeze-thaw durability rapid chloride permeability and salt scaling were conducted on field samples. Results showed that the

Influence of Basic Fluxes on Slag Formation in a BF

 · and melting temperature 2 . However an industrial trial using a new type of self-flux pellet did not show apparent improvement of the blast furnace operation 3 . Contrarily there were some slag formation problems during test e.g. high and variable resistance to gas flow in the blast furnace very high viscous slag in the slag runner etc.

Influence of Granulated Blast Furnace Slag and Cement on

 · Utilizing industrial byproducts in soil stabilization benefits the economic environmental and social benefits. Granulated blast furnace slag is a byproduct of iron and steel industry having oxides similar to that of cement but in different proportions. This study describes experimental results achieved by the use of granulated blast furnace slag

Blast Furnace Slag Usage and Guidance for Indiana

 · The project goal was to better understand the extent of aircooled blast furnace slag (ACBFS) usage for completed INDOT projects factors that can influence slag leaching review remediation strategies and identify applications where future usage restrictions or

Effect of slag chemistry on the hydration of alkali

 · Studies on cements containing blast furnace slag have demonstrated that the TiO 2 content of GGBFS has a substantial influence on the reaction behavior and that an increased TiO 2 content >1 wt has a negative effect on the strength development 4 .

Influence of granulated blast furnace slag on mechanical

 · Influence of granulated blast furnace slag on mechanical properties of concrete Hanizam Awang1 and Zaid Shaker Aljoumaily2 A soluble salt of polymeric sulfonates of organic compounds (PS-1) was added to the mixes with GGBS and GBS replacements at a dosage vary- The construction industry has been

Influence of Basicity and TiO2 Content on the

Titanium-bearing Blast furnace (Ti–BF) slag is a typical by-product of the iron and steel industry in China which contains about 22 wt –26 wt TiO2 and is considered as a valuable secondary resource of titanium.1) Over the past decades many researchers studied the properties of the Ti– BF slag 2–4) and lots of extraction methods such

Influence of filler treatment on the behavior of blast

 · Blast furnace slag (BFS) is a byproduct of the blast furnace in iron industry. Due to its composition and structure BFS is suggested as a promising functional filler that can potentially improve the property profile of polypropylene. The influence of each coupling agent on the BFS–PP compound properties is investigated in this work. It

Studies of the efficiency of granulated blast furnace slag

Studies of the efficiency of granulated blast furnace slag and limestone filler in mortarslong term strength and cloride penetration Boubitsas Dimitrios LU Mark Abstract This report is the first part of the project Use of industrial by-products and filler in concretelong term properties/durability.

Investigation of the influence of blast-furnace slag on

 · Replacement of ordinary Portland cement (OPC) by blast-furnace slag (BFS) alters the durability behaviour of concrete. In this research the influence of BFS on the concrete s acid or sulphate resistance is investigated by accelerated degradation tests and the results are related to microstructural and physico-chemical parameters.

Freezing and de-icing salt resistance of blast furnace

 · This paper presents the results on investigations made into a concrete containing cement rich in granulated blast furnace slag (57 ). Whereas slag cement concretes have proved successful in structures subjected to chemical attack their use in structures subjected to freezing and de-icing salt attack is a problem of numerous investigations.

Binder made of blast-furnace slagSAINT-GOBAIN WEBER

 · The invention claimed is 1. A binder comprising a ground granulated blast furnace slag and at least one mono- di- or trivalent metal salt selected from the group consisting of bismuth copper silver and tin salts wherein the salt is capable of forming during mixing with said slag a metal sulfide for which the solubility product K SP measured at 25° C. is less than 10 10.

Influence of Blast Furnace Slag on Durability of High

 · Blast-furnace slag is effective in resisting penetration of chloride ions. However the influences of blast-furnace slag on the durability properties of high-strength concrete for steam-cured pretensioned elements are not clear. In this study carbonation and chloride penetration of the high-strength concrete using blast-furnace slag were examined.

Investigation of the influence of blast-furnace slag on

 · Replacement of ordinary Portland cement (OPC) by blast-furnace slag (BFS) alters the durability behaviour of concrete. In this research the influence of BFS on the concrete s acid or sulphate resistance is investigated by accelerated degradation tests and the results are related to microstructural and physico-chemical parameters.

Effects of Activator Properties and Ferrochrome Slag

 · An innovative way of utilizing ground granulated blast furnace slag is to activate it using alkaline materials. The main objective of this study was to investigate the effects of activator type and curing conditions on the compressive strength and electrical resistivity of alkali-activated ground granulated blast furnace slag mortars. To obtain mortars consisting of waste materials was also an

Influence of Slag Chemistry on the Hydration of Alkali

Influence of Slag Chemistry on the Hydration of Alkali-Activated Blast-Furnace SlagPart I Effect of MgO September 2011 Cement and Concrete Research 41(9)

The Effect of Blast Furnace Slag on Concrete in Terms

This study is a part of an on-going research studying the effect of blast furnace slag as a binder and filler replacement on the properties of fresh and hardened concrete. A mix having the density of 1300kg/m3 with a proportion of (1 cement 2 sand) W/C ratio of 0.45 a commercially available additive (SP-1) class F fly ash and a unprocessed blast furnace slag was used.

Influence of silica fume and blast furnace slag on the

 · The present paper focuses on the impact of additives such as silica fume (SF) and blast furnace slag on the mechanical properties of ordinary concrete. Moreover the modulus of elasticity ultrasonic pulse velocity compressive strength and porosity are assessed with the objective of quantifying the consequences of the different additives.

The influence of process conditions on ground coal slag

17 The influence of process conditions on ground coal slag and blast furnace slag based geopolymer properties Rudarsko-geološko-naftni zbornik i autori (The Mining-Geology-Petroleum Engineering Bulletin and the authors) © 2020 pp. 15-20 DOI 10.17794/rgn.2020.4.2

Granulated Blast-Furnace Slag Market Latest Trends and

 · The Granulated Blast-Furnace Slag market outlook looks extremely promising is a valuable source of insightful data for business strategists. It provides the industry overview with growth analysis and historical futuristic cost revenue demand and supply data (as applicable). The research analysts provide an elaborate description of the value chain and its distributor analysis.

Effect of slag chemistry on the hydration of alkali

 · Ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBFS) and alkaline activators. The original base material of the studies was an industrial GGBFS. This slag was modified with pure oxides to reach the desired composition and re-molten in a graphite crucible under nitrogen atmosphere at temperatures between 1 550 and 1 650 °C.

Effects of Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag in

 · Slag cement is often referred to as "ground granulated blast-furnace slag" (GGBFS). As requested in 2001 by slag cement manufacturers and the Slag Cement Association the American Concrete Institute officially reviewed and changed the terminology from GGBFS to slag cement (ACI Committee 233 2004).

Autogenous Self-Healing in Blast Furnace Slag Cement by

 · icing salt resistance of blast furnace slag cement mortars Proc. High Performance Structures and Materials II 2004 WIT press Ancona Italy . 3 K. Sisomphon O. Çopuroğlu A. Fraaij Transport Properties and Frost Salt Scaling Resistance of Carbonated Blast-Furnace Slag

The Characterization of Fixation of Ba Pb and Cu in

 · This salt forms insoluble hydroxide in an alkaline solution and may form a coating on the cement (blast furnace slag) particles which can be observed in Figure 6. There is no evidence that the lead compound creates highly insoluble Pb 3 SiO 5 as in the system of alkali-activated fly ash in Palomo et al. s study 29 .

Effect of TiO2 Content on the Crystallization Behavior of

 · The content of TiO 2 has an important influence on both the basic structure and the crystallization behavior of titanium-bearing blast furnace (BF) slag. The results of thermodynamic calculations show that when the mass content of TiO 2 is smaller than 25 CaTiO 3 increases as the content of TiO 2 increases. However when the TiO 2 content is more than 25 the CaTiO 3 content

THE INFLUENCE OF QUALITY OF FERROUS CHARGE

economic indicators and enables even blast furnace op-eration 7 . In the tested blast furnace the following groups of ferrous charge materials and additives are used sinter and its screening pellets rich iron ores converter slag ferrous concentrates and fluxes (lime-stone and quartzite). Currently there are blast furnaces

Global Granulated Blast-Furnace Slag Industry Market

 · Press Release Global Granulated Blast-Furnace Slag Industry Market Insights Overview Analysis and Forecast 2020 Published May 12 2021 at 11 17 a.m. ET